5. The Excretory System

The excretory system eliminates waste products from the body. It has two parts: sweat glands and urinary tract.

Sweat glands

We have got millions in the skin. They produce sweat, a liquid with water, waste products and mineral salts.


Urinary tract


It filters the blood taking the waste products and harmful substances from it. Later, some organs eliminate this substances.


*Renal vein: Veins give clean blood back to the heart
*Renal artery: Arteries give blood to the kidneys
*Kidneys:They are bean-shaped organs. They filter the blood and take the waste (every day they filter about 1500 litres of blood). The kidneys mix this waste with water and produce urine.
*Ureter: Tubes to take urine from kidneys to bladder
*Bladder: Bag to store urine until you go to the toilet
*Urethra: Urine goes out through the urethra


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